The CNC lathe machine was first invented by a British engineer named Henry Mauldsay. The oldest machine used in engineering work is the CNC lathe machine. In any engineering process, this tool plays a huge role in giving the desired shape to a workpiece. An automatic CNC machine is also referred to as the mother of all machines for its versatility and high effectiveness.
What Is An Automatic CNC Lathe Machine?
Before moving on to the definition and functions of automatic CNCs, let us see what traditional lathe machines do. Lathe machines are used to remove extra metal from a workpiece to give it a desired shape and size. It has some primary functions which include drilling, cutting, sanding and operations. These functions help in cutting both metal and wood. It is popularly known to be effective in metal spinning and working, glass working, woodturning and thermal spraying. The traditional lathe machines are manually controlled.
Whereas, automatic CNC machine (เครื่อง กลึง อัตโนมัติ, which is the term in Thai) is the advanced version of this versatile tool. The improvement in technology has made engineering work much easier. CNC or Computer Numerical Control machine is an automatic cutting process arithmetically controlled by a computer. It is the only and the primary difference between an automatic CNC lathe and a traditional lathe machine.
What Are The Uses And Advantages Of Cnc Machines?
Automatic CNC machines are useful in the mass production of simple workpieces such as metal bolts, screws, and nuts. Moreover, automatic CNC machines have a lot more advantages. For instance, the computerized process is less time-consuming. Additionally, the production rate and accuracy are greater than the traditional method. It also reduces the labour of the skilled employee as CNC lathes only require software programming to cut the workpiece.
What Are The Types And Parts Of CNC Machines?
There are different types of CNC lathe machines available in the market. The most common types of machines are:
- CNC Turning Machines
- CNC Laser Machines
- CNC Milling Machines
- CNC Drilling Machines
- CNC Plasma Cutting Machines
- CNC Double Column Machines
These machines are used for specific purposes. Many of these machines have various in-built technologies such as spindle which focuses on precision and texture accuracy. The important parts of the automatic CNC machine are bed, headstock, chuck, control panel, footswitch or pedal, etc. Choose a high-efficiency CNC machine tool to make the cutting process easier.